This handbook presents the findings of a pre-feasibility study Polinomia was commissioned by Fondazione Cariplo for the design of some experimental interventions promoting sustainable mobility in cities within the Foundation’s constituency. The study examined the features of the various transportation alternatives (supply of/demand for mobility) and quantitatively modeled their impact to estimate the environmental benefits of adopted measures. The goal has been to describe the impact of each action in terms of energy efficiency/environmental protection in urban areas and help the local public administrations design local mobility policy measures that are most appropriate to improve energy efficiency and protect the environment.
The paper illustrates the effects certain policies and interventions may have on demand for mobility as well as on traffic flows and the environment. Policies and interventions include road pricing (and more generally measures to limit automobile travel); mechanisms incentivizing the use of public transit, including its expansion and enhancement of its convenience; ways to regulate and improve freight movement; other measures appropriate to the specific cases. The paper provides a comprehensive picture of transport alternatives and local context in each of the 4 cities chosen as case studies: Brescia, Como, Lecco and Mantua. It also investigates whether innovative tools/policies promoting sustainable mobility that have been successful in other cities, in Italy and abroad, may be fit for the 4 cities examined as case studies.
Among the actions examined, there are policies incentivizing the use of public transport. The study shows these policies would generate significant energy savings ranging from 7% to 11% in the 4 selected cities.